Hours Until Juno Arrives at Jupiter

Hey Chasers,

Typically we’ll post production updates here, but every so often a piece of space news occurs that is so awesome I want to ensure we share it.

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Rendition of Juno Probe and Jupiter – NASA

In August of 2011, we launched the Juno probe. Juno is similar to Cassini in that it is a specialized mission to study Jupiter. Cassini which was sent to Saturn, mapped out Saturn’s rings, discovered that Saturn’s moon Enceladus likely has a sub surface ocean spewing up through ice geysers that are shaping Saturn’s rings, and also provided us with the first surface images of Saturn’s mysterious moon, Titan. Titan is the only moon in the solar system with a substantial atmosphere. Turns out the place is covered with lakes of liquid methane which we discovered when Cassini sent a secondary probe called Huygens to the surface of Titan.

Surface of Titan

Surface of Titan – Cassini / Huygens

cassini-1 Rings

Saturn’s Ring System Illuminated by the Sun – Cassini Probe

Juno makes its orbital insertion maneuvers in a matter of hours at 8:18pm PST today (July 4th). During this time, Juno will reach velocities greater than any other human-made space vehicle. Even once safely in orbit, Juno will be subjected to intense radiation. Jupiter’s magnetic field is 20,000 times stronger than Earth’s capturing high energy particles from the Sun; far more than Earth’s does. To protect itself, Juno’s delicate electronics are housed within a shell of 0.8cm thick titanium armour to deflect these particles.

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Final image captured by Juno 5 million kilometers from Jupiter before being shut down for orbital insertion. When the cameras are reactivated, Juno will be in Orbit of Jupiter.

Juno will approach Jupiter closer than any other space craft has to study the planet’s atmosphere as well as maneuver across Jupiter’s poles to examine the planet’s intense aurora. Jupiter was the first of the planets to coalesce from the interstellar dust and gas that became our solar system and contains more mass than all the other planets combined. Jupiter could swallow a thousand Earth’s in its volume. The Juno mission hopes to elucidate how Jupiter was formed which will help us better understand the mechanics that gave rise to the other planets including Earth itself. We also hope to discover what lies beneath the maelstrom that is Jupiter’s clouds to determine what lies at its core; a great unsolved mystery of astronomy.

 

Jupiters interior layers including its potential dense inner core are labeled in this illustration CreditNASA JPLCaltech

Jupiter’s interior layers including its potential dense inner core – NASA JPL Caltech

Juno’s mission will end in February of 2018. It won’t simply be deactivated, rather the probe will be directed to dive into Jupiter’s atmosphere until it explodes in fireball. This blaze of glory will prevent Juno from unintentionally contaminating any of Jupiter’s moons such as Europa with microbes that may have hitchhiked from Earth. We know that life is resilient and can survive in space and under intense radiation for long periods. If microbes were to¬†land on ¬†Europa, which we believe may harbour life, they could interfere with future life-finding missions to that moon of Jupiter.

Europa

Similar to Enceladus, Jupiter’s moon Europa could harbour life in a subsurface ocean.

To watch today’s orbital insertion of Juno – 5 years in the making – tune in to NASATV today. Broadcasts begin at 7:30pm PST/10:30pm EST. A schedule of events can be found on this great post from the Planetary Society HERE.

You can also check out the Juno Mission Page HERE

SPAAAAAACE!

-Keep Chasing

-Matthew

 

About Chasing Atlantis

In July 2011, when space enthusiasts travelled the world to witness the epic closure of the space shuttle era, Matthew Cimone began a journey of discovering acceptance, belonging, and himself. Joined by Paul Muzzin, director and long-time friend, Matthew endeavours to connect with a community of sci-fi enthusiasts, pop culture icons, and current and former space workers in attempt to resuscitate a dream that was so far out of reach it might as well be space.

Posted on July 4, 2016, in Chasing Atlantis and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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